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Shouting on Swan Street:
A Short History of the Band on the Wall
Made by the Market

George and Dragon, Band on the Wall, Band in the Wall, Band on the "Wall" at some time in the last 200 years number 25 Swan Street has been all of these. Now an internationally famous music venue no-one knows when music first started at the Band on the Wall, but market pubs are well known for their musical connections and many Victorian commentators refer to buskers and musicians around the Smithfield market and the streets off Oldham Road.
What we do know is that the first licence for a George and Dragon on Swan Street was granted to Elizabeth Marsh in 1803. Remnants from the beginning of the nineteenth century still exist in the cellars at the front of the building and can be seen in the layout of some of the internal walls. With land prices at a premium the original George and Dragon would have been some four stories high, and narrow.
At the time Swan Street was a bustling area with a well-established fruit and vegetable market at Smithfield, nearby textile factories, cramped workers housing, a Methodist Chapel and stage coaches running to Ashton-under-Lyne and Royton from the Lower Turks Head in Shudehill
In 1858 a major development of the market on Goadsby Street at the back of the George and Dragon may have prompted the then licensee Bernard McKenna of Bernard and John McKennas Harpurhey Brewery into making a substantial investment in the pub. The George and Dragon was substantially re-built ' internal doors, pillars, plasterwork and mouldings exist from this period - particularly round the entrance way, in the upstairs offices and above the balcony. A new corner entrance was created and the building lowered to two stories. The McKennas also took over the next door property on Swan Street, creating a wine and spirit merchants shop that sold the products bottled at the McKenna Brewery on Rochdale Road.
By the 1890s the market was booming, trade was good and in 1897 the McKennas effectively doubled the size of the George and Dragon by buying up the next door property on Oak Street. Here they created the huge vault that now serves as the performance area. They also developed the accommodation side of the business, with lodging rooms and a dining area on the first floor - now used as offices and altered the name to the George and Dragon Hotel. Performers who use the first floor toilets and bathroom will not be surprised to learn that these rooms are largely unchanged from this period ! Note the mirrors round the stage and the etched glass in the ground floor ladies toilet door - also from 1897.
Photograph of Swan Street, 1900, credit: Manchester City Libraries, local history unit
To be found on Swan Street at this time were William Catchpole's hatting firm; a herring and egg merchant; glass works; coopers; oyster dealer; banks; tobacconist; jewellers; Richardson the pawnbrokers, coffee shops and at number 20 - 22 Swan Street - a musical instrument makers. There was also the Rising Sun on the corner of Rochdale Road - a well established public house and music hall, the Burton Arms - still at number 31, and the Smithfield Hotel at the end of the row.
How the Band on the Wall got it's Name
Almost everyone knows that 'The Band' got it's name because of the small stage high up on the wall that visiting musician used to perform on. But finally we can reveal how this came about. Florrie Branagan and Jack Branelli - who later married - and who played at the George and Dragon in the late 1930's, remember that the idea for a stage upon the wall came from Ernie Tyson Flo's uncle - in 1937, and that he installed the stage.


 Photograph of Flo and Jack, circa 1942, Right Flo and Jack still playing accordions at 86 years of age
A regular band of two accordionists, piano, drums, singer and sometimes saxophonnist would play. Key performers were Flo Brannigan (accordion and singer), Jack Brannelli (accordion), Jim Hart on drums, Saxophone Mick the Pole and Albert Mancini on piano.

Italian accordion wizard Rudi Mancini, Rudi had a following that any superstar of our day could boast. and the 'Elvis of Ancoats' Dominic Rea also played accordion at the Band on the Wall. Lawrence Kelly a fish merchant in the market played cornet. Floor singers sang in front of the piano or in front of Flo. There was no amplification and contrary to rumour there were steps up to the stage, not a ladder! Bands played 7.30pm till closing time with a couple of breaks, six nights a week.

Always known as a rough place. Ernie Tyson ran it with a rod of iron. Jack Branelli remembers that if there was any trouble 'one punch from Ernie and they'd be on the cabbages' - a reference to the vegetable stalls that lined Oak Street.

The George and Dragon had table service and the waiters wore white aprons. It was immensely popular and known as a services pub during the war when Americans, Canadians, Australians, French as well as British soldiers, market traders, factory workers and shoppers all used it. Italian prisoners of war and deserters were rumoured to come in. Often the band carried on playing during air-raids ' especially when the raids became more common.
Many boxers used the saloon bar at the back - Jack Branelli remembers Jackie Brown the world flyweight champion from Harpurhey. There were also the gangs 'the Hamilton gang from Angel Meadow including Jazzer Hamilton' considered a dangerous character to cross - but who once dueted on a love song with Flo Brannigan

Photograph of George and Dragon '1959' credit Manchester City Libraries, local history unit

By the middle of the twentieth century Swan Street was in decline. Many textile factories had closed and people moved out of the area. Market trade was down and the buildings were demolished in the early 1970s. The fortunes of the George and Dragon - or Band on the Wall as it was increasingly becoming known ' mirrored this slump. Drag acts such as Diamond Lil and Neville St Claire were popular in the late 1950s, but by the mid-1970s the George and Dragon was on its last legs.

Photograph of George & Dragon circa 1970s

It was at this point that Steve Morris, saxophonist, jazz fan and entrepreneur moved in with a bold idea to develop the old George and Dragon as a jazz venue. A discussion with Johnny Roadhouse persuaded him to stick with the name Band on the Wall and along with partner Frank Cusick he bought the pub and re-opened in 1975.
Jazz in the early days included the mixture of established names and up-and coming local and national musicians seen today, and included No Mystery, Norman Beaker, Gags and piano player Joe Palin.
Punk was the most popular music in the late 1970s and Steve Morris wisely decided to subsidise his jazz interests by encouraging this and other music. Mondays soon became known as New Manchester Review nights providing a focus and support for a local political and music magazine of the time. Bands who played under this title included John Cooper Clarke, The Passage, A Certain Ratio, Joy Division (who played the night they first got a syn-drum) The Fall, Buzzcocks, John the Postman and The Distractions. Mark E Smith of The Fall was a strong supporter of the Monday night venture. Big In Japan played on Monday 13 February 1978 and whilst the name is not so well known they included future well-known musicians Jayne Casey (of Cream nightclub, Liverpool), Ian Brodie of The Lightning Seeds, Holly Johnson of Frankie Goes to Hollywood and Bill Drummond, manager of the Teardrop Explodes and later a member of KLF.

The 1980s
1982 saw a brief shut-down and re-opening due to a buy-out by the Northern Branch of the Jazz Centre Society. There was also some internal redevelopment work. The saloon bar was now altered to a wooden raised platform making use of a job-lot of tables and seating apparently from an old Burger King restaurant in Northenden!
1982 also saw the first use of the Dizzy Gillespie logo, real ale installed and a regularly printed programme of events was put out. The re-opening gig was from The Distractions. Other performers that year included Alexis Corner, John Peel, Kevin Coyne, Melvyn Poore, 'solo tuba and tapes', Don Weller, P.M.T. and Electra Complex ' part of the Women in Entertainment night, The Fall ' three nights on the 3, 4, 5 May with Icelandic support band Purkur Pillnikk (featuring a young Bjork on vocals), Southern Death Cult - who ended up as stadium rock band The Cult, Albertos y los Trios Paranois, Gordon Giltrap, Nico - three nights on 6,7,8 September, Michael Nyman, Slim Gaillard, Lol Coxhill, Steve Lacey and Keith Tippett, Jimmy Witherspoon and Prince Far-I.
In 1987 the balcony was installed, and in 1991 founder of the new Band on the Wall Steve Morris died after a long illness.

The 1990s
The last decade has seen a greater concentration on quality jazz performers at the Band on the Wall. There has also been an increasing emphasis on bringing out new young talent through the Well North of London rock showcases and a growing programme of Inner City Music workshops and outreach work.

{Gina Brannelli, daughter of Flo and Jack Brannelli. Goddaughter of Rudi Mancini  Rudi, together with Flo and Jack are responsible for the incredible modern accordion history of Gina Brannelli, her profound musical education, her national and  international competition successes, and today her involvement in every part of the accordion industry as an Artiste, appearing all over the World, Accordion Festival Organiser, National and International Adjudicator. Director of an Accordion importation and Resale Company, and Fashion House, her position on the Council of the only specialist accordion college in the UK, Past Chairperson of the National Accordion Organisation, and current Executive position, and her successful Academy of Accordion tuition comes from these roots, and she will always be the first to tell you exactly that. Gina adored her Godfather, and although he has passed on, he will always be her inspiration.  He inspired 3 generations of accordionists, A  humble musician, who made everybody else feel special was the finest accordionist of his time, his  name  written firmly in the accordion world foR EVER

And now a new generation of accordion personalities Rudi would have been proud to see, UK Champions, International Champions, Area Champions, and all because of Rudi and my Parents, Jack an Flo who all played in the Band on the Wall, met at Accordion Lessons, and passed on their love of the accordion to their children, who have passed their knowledge on to the new accordionists of today.

The children here, also come from accordion backgrounds from that era, and we salute you Rudy for making all this possible.

William Langton, Daizilee Pattison, Julie Langton, Nancy Langton, Sarah Jane Langton, Soraya and Santana O'Connor

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